In this article we will talk about : Chlamydiae causes, symptoms and treatment.
The bacterium Chlamydiae trachomatiscauses chlamidia ( a very common sexually transmitted infection ). Generally, young women are particularly affected. Even though many are unaware that they have been infected. But, antibiotics can treat effectively this silent disease.
Overall, the chlamydia refers to a sexually transmitted infection (STI) very frequently caused by a bacterium, chlamydia trachomatis.
In addition to that, it mainly affects adolescents and young adults.
Also, it can manifest itself by the infection of:
- the urethra (urethritis);
- the epididymis (small organ stuck to the testicles and forming part of the reproductive system) (epididymitis);
- the fallopian tubes (salpingitis);
- the cervix (cervicitis);
- the rectum (proctitis);
- the throat (pharyngitis);
- the lungs in infants (pneumonia);
- the eye (conjunctivitis) by transmission from mother to newborn during childbirth. This type of chlamydia can be very dangerous, causing severe eye problems and even blindness.
In women, when the infection is not detected and treated early enough, complications such as infertility and ectopic pregnancy can occur.
It is mainly transmitted sexually:
- and anal.
The main risk factors are generally:
- intercourse without the use of condoms;
- a multiplicity of sexual partners;
- have a sexual partner who has several sexual partners himself.
The symptoms of chlamydia usually occur one week to one month after contracting the infection.
An absence of symptoms is possible in women. However, when they are present, they can manifest themselves in the form of:
- abdominal and lower abdominal pain;
- pain during menstruation or during sexual intercourse;
- difficulty or pain when passing urine;
- bleeding after intercourse or outside of menstrual cycles;
- frequent and small quantity of urine;
- whitish vaginal discharge;
- rectal pain;
- sometimes fever, chills and vomiting.
Symptoms of chlamydia in humans
In humans, chlamydia manifests itself by:
- pain or difficulty when passing urine;
- frequent and small quantities of urine;
- clear or purulent urethral discharge;
- swollen and painful testicles;
- sometimes fever.
In both sexes, there may be uncommon but possible joint and skin manifestations.
Chlamydiae prevention councils
In order to prevent the appearance of chlamydia, it is essential:
- to use condoms during each sexual intercourse;
- limit the number of different sexual partners;
- inquire about the number of sexual partners of your own partner.
Despite its importance, the diagnosis of chlamydia can be established in a delayed manner (especially in women who are generally asymptomatic).
The disease can be confused with other pathologies ( gonorrhea , for example).
The screening test consists of a vaginal sample from women, urine from men, looking for the germ responsible for chlamydia. A routine screening for chlamydia in young women could be set up. In any case, the high authority for Health in October 2018 recommended this.
A search for other sexually transmitted diseases or infections (HIV, Hepatitis B, etc.) is usually carried out.
The main treatment for chlamydia is the single or daily intake, depending on the case, of antibiotics. Both partners must be treated, otherwise recurrences are almost certain.
New tests to confirm healing
People with the disease need to do more tests to confirm healing when the symptoms are gone.
Thanks to the treatment, the symptoms disappear after one to two weeks. When this is not the case, infected persons must take new samples.
In the absence of treatment, the signs of the disease generally disappear after 4 weeks in most people (60-70%).
Cervical infections in women may persist
However, in women, chronic asymptomatic cervical (cervical) infections may persist and lead to:
- chronic endometrial infection;
- damage to the fallopian tubes;
- an infection of the lower part of the abdominal cavity responsible for pelvic pain which persists after infection;
- a risk of ectopic pregnancy;
- the infertility.